Olympics Games (Tokyo 1964 and Mexico 1968)
During the Tokyo Olympics of October 1964, Wilson Kiprugut Chumo finished third (800m) and won Kenya’s first Olympic medal. This achievement was historical, but it’s the 1968 Summer Olympics games in Mexico that will forever remain memorable to Kenyans and the World.
The games in Mexico City took place at a time when people around the World were agitating for better treatment of black people. A few months earlier, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr had been assassinated and groups were coming up in protest. And so, when President Gustavo Díaz opened the games on October 12, US Athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos knew they had to make it to the podium and protest.
The Black Power Salute
Days to the event, members of the Olympic Project for Human Rights group proposed a boycott of the games altogether. However, Tommie and John decided to participate and use the platform as an opportunity to call for change.
In the 200m sprint finals, Tommie Smith won Gold Medal while John Carlos Won Bronze. While on the podium receiving medals, the US Anthem started to play and the two athletes raised their fists – dressed in black gloves – in protest. Their black power salute went into history books and that was also the beginning of a new era for the black community.
Naftali Temu and Kenya’s First Olympics Gold Medal
Back here at home – Kenya – the country was gaining momentum after independence in 1963. Our flag had since replaced the union jack and the Olympic team went to Mexico City in the Harambee spirit. During the event a number of things happened;
#1 Nabiba Naftali Temu wins first Gold Medal
Kenyan athlete, Naftali Temu crossed the line first to win Gold in the 10,000 meters’ race. It is said that “Temu saw Keino stumble and ‘thought he had better carry on’ and went on to win the First Olympic Gold for Kenya.” He also won Bronze in the 5,000 meters race.
Kipchoge Keino beat the Olympic record in 3 min, 34.9 secs to win the 1,500 meters. He also won the 3,000 meters.
- 5,000 meters winners: Mohammed Gammoudi, Tunisia (gold), Kipchoge Keino, Kenya (silver), and Naftali Temu, Kenya (Bronze).
- 10,000 meters winners: Naftali Temu, Kenya (gold), Mamo Degaga Wolde, Ethiopia (silver), and Mohammed Gammoudi, Tunisia (bronze).
#2 First Kenyan Women Athletes at the Olympic
It was In 1968 that Kenyan women started competing at the Olympic Games. Lydia Stephens, Elizabeth Chesire, and Tecla Chemabwai were the first in the history books.
#3 The beginning of the “Medal Chase”
Team Kenya won 103 Olympic medals with 96 of them being from athletics. The team came second behind the USA in track and field. Besides the games, Kenya’s East African Standard won a Silver for editorials while the Daily Nation bagged a Bronze for pictorial Supplement.
The Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City (October 12-27, 1968) were not the first nor the last to ever take place, but they remain in the hearts of Kenyans and many other people the world over.
- Lydia Stephens, Elizabeth Chesire and Tecla Chemabwai By World Athletics
- Cover Image: Naftali Temu at the Mexico 1968 Olympics [Olympics Youtube Channel]
- Black Power Salute by the Guardian
- Naftali Temu Wins Kenya’s First Olympic Gold 10,000m – Mexico 1968 Olympics [Olympics Youtube Channel]
- Kipchoge Keino Wins 1,500m Gold By Historic Margin – Mexico 1968 Olympics [Olympics Youtube Channel]